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The best filament for 3D printing (standard consumables)

The most common ammo in three-dimensional printing are PLA and ABS thermoplastics. But the modern market offers a much more rich variety of analogues. In the following article we will look at 6 standard consumable materials used in additive printing.

The standard filament for 3D printing №1: PLA

This consumable is the real king in the field of home three-dimensional printing. This popularity is provided by the ease of working with him. It has lower printing temperature than its ABS counterpart. While PLA is not easily deformed, and therefore does not require additional heating layer. Another advantage – the material did not emit any odor while working with it. In addition, it is more environmentally friendly than most other products.

Because PLA is relatively brittle, it is not necessary to apply it in the printing process of the items that can twist or bend. Such threads also are easily deformed at a temperature above 60° C. Properties:

  • Power: high.
  • Flexibility: low.
  • Longevity: medium.
  • Print temperature: 180°C — 230°C.
  • The temperature of the printing layer: 20°C — 60°C.
  • Shrinkage / deformation: min.
  • Solubility: none.
  • The standard filament for 3D printing No. 2: ABS

    Abs is the second most commonly used consumables in the field of additive printing. The material has high durability and ability to withstand high temperature. However, the threads are prone to deformation upon cooling or exposure to intense steam. ABS is pretty tough material that can withstand high temperature and load. Properties:

  • Power: high.
  • Flexibility: medium.
  • Durability: high.
  • Print temperature: 210°C — 250°C.
  • The temperature of the printing layer: 80°C — 110°C.
  • Shrinkage / deformation: significant.
  • Solubility: in acetone, esters and ketones.
  • The standard filament for 3D printing No. 3: PETG (PET, PETT)

    Polyethylene terephthalate is the most commonly used plastic in the world. Glycol-modified PET is a reliable, transparent material for 3D printing. This “Golden mean” between ABS and PLA. Threads are more durable and flexible than PLA. At the same time them much easier to print than ABS.

    PETG is hygroscopic material, which absorbs moisture from the air. Also, it is stickiness and is therefore not suitable for printing support structures. However, due to this property it is often used as adhesion layer. Despite the fact that the material is not fragile, easy to scratch. Properties:

  • Power: high.
  • Flexibility: medium.
  • Durability: high.
  • Print temperature: 220°C — 250°C.
  • The temperature of the printing layer: 50°C — 75°C.
  • Shrinkage / deformation: min.
  • Solubility: none.
  • The standard filament for 3D printing No. 4: nylon

    The harmonious combination of durability, flexibility and strength. Besides, this material lends itself perfectly to painting before printing it, and after. Is less – hygroscopic (like PETG). Properties:

  • Power: high.
  • Flexibility: high.
  • Durability: high.
  • Print temperature: 240°C — 260°C.
  • The temperature of the printed layer: 70°C — 100°C.
  • Shrinkage / deformation: significant.
  • Solubility: none.
  • The standard filament for 3D printing No. 5: TPE, TPU, TPC

    It is plastic with rubber properties. That is, the materials can boast the extreme flexibility and durability of use. TPE is soft and loose strands, which can withstand larger loads than ABS. Thus, they are difficult to print. Thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) is more rigid consumable, which simplifies printing them. Is characterized by durability. Thermoplasticmaterial (TPC), characterized by high resistance to chemicals, heat, and UV radiation. Properties:

  • Strength: average.
  • Flexibility: very high.
  • Durability: very high.
  • Print temperature: 210°C — 230°C.
  • The temperature of the printing layer: 30°C — 60°C.
  • Shrinkage / deformation: min.
  • Solubility: none.
  • The standard filament for 3D printing No. 6: PC (polycarbonate)

    The strongest thread for a three-dimensional printer. Is characterized by extreme resistance to heat and physical impact. Different transparent texture. Moderately flexible material, which, unfortunately, is hygroscopic. Properties:

  • Power: very high.
  • Flexibility: medium.
  • Durability: very high.
  • Print temperature: 270°C — 310°C.
  • The temperature of the printing layer: 90°C — 110°C.
  • Shrinkage / deformation: significant.
  • Solubility: none.
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